What is diabetes?
Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, a type of sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. A hormone released by the pancreas called insulin helps glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your pancreas either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin well. This causes sugars to build up in the blood.
How did I get it?
Some of these factors may lead to type 2 (adult onset) diabetes:
- Unhealthy eating habits
- Lack of exercise
- Family history
How do I take control?
- Total: 9.4% of the U.S. population
- New cases: 1.5 million Americans diagnosed with diabetes every year
- Diagnosed: 23.1 million adults
- Undiagnosed: 7.2 milllion adults
- 90% of all people have type 2 diabetes
People with diabetes often notice they have:
- More thirst
- A need to urinate more
- More hunger
- A loss of energy
- Slow-healing cuts and wounds
By managing your diabetes, you can prevent many of these conditions:
- Heart disease and stroke
- High blood pressure
- Kidney disease
- Nervous system disease
Check Your Levels
A blood test called the A1C is a lab test that shows your average level of blood sugar (glucose) over the previous 3 months. It helps you see how well you are controlling your diabetes.